The article starts from the point when Lady Mary (peace be upon her) was given the good news, by Allah through an Angel, of Prophet Issa (peace be upon him) and with that good news, it was stated that he would be taught some books.
[3:45-48] When the angels said: “Mary, your Lord gives you good news of a Word from Him. His name is the Messiah, Issa, son of Mary, of high esteem in this world and the Hereafter, and one of those brought near [to Allah]. He will speak to people in the cradle, and also when fully grown, and will be one of the righteous.” She asked: “My Lord! How can I have a son when no man has ever touched me?” He said: “It will be so. Allah creates whatever He wills. When He decides on something, He just says to it: ‘Be!’ and it is. He will teach him the Book and Wisdom, and the Torah and the Gospel.”
[5:110] (That day) Allah will say, “Issa, son of Mary, remember My blessing to you and to your mother when I reinforced you with the Purest Spirit so that you could speak to people in the cradle and when you were fully grown; and when I taught you the Book and Wisdom, and the Torah and the Gospel.”
Torah and Gospel are very clear but which books are the Book and Wisdom? It is true that the Qur’an refers to many other books as “The Book” but this “Book” is mentioned separately from Torah and Gospel.
This book is the Qur’an and wisdom is the Sunnah recorded in Hadith [the sayings of Prophet Muhammad (may upon him be mercy of Allah and peace)]. Prophet Issa (peace be upon him) is taught the Qur’an because he will use it during his second coming. Deniers have asked some questions regarding these verses. The questions are answered below:
The questioner was an Ahmadi and he asked: How did this mean that he was alive? And if the answer he gives is because he had to come back to revive the Muslim Ummah, then what is he doing now? And where?
The first question was answered by the questioner himself. The second and third questions are answered now but not in detail, as the topic will cover them later on in other chapters. Prophet Issa (peace be upon him) ascended to heaven, where he is now and from where he will return near the end of the world. From the life of Prophet Issa (peace be upon him), we know that the knowledge of Torah and Gospel was very much used together with wisdom but “The Book” has no mention during his first stay on earth. The reason for this is that he will use it when he returns. Such deniers have also made some silly statements about heaven and hell’s location and the place where Allah is. They have rejected the idea of a physical heaven and therefore, have rejected the idea that Allah is above the heavens. This will not be debated but irrefutable evidences can be found in the Qur’an for these questions. (Three in Urdu * * * and one in English *).
The believers of the ‘death theory’ argue that the four books mentioned in the verses quoted above speak of two books only and the conjunction ‘and’ (wa in Arabic) refers to the same books. They present the following verse for their claim.
[27:1] Tá Sín. These are the verses of the Qur’an and an illuminating Book,
Upon this verse, they argue that the Qur’an has been referred to as ‘Qur’an’ and also as an illuminating book while using ‘and’. They argue that whereas ‘and’ is used, they both refer to the one and the same book. The reality is not what they believe. The verse above speaks of two different books; one is the Qur’an and the other is the book in ‘Looh e Hahfooz’. There are many verses to support this but only one is sufficient to clear the misconception.
[13:39] Allah blots out what He wills and confirms (what He wills). And with Him is the Mother of the Book (Al-Lauh Al-Mahfooz).
The deniers of Prophet Issa (peace be upon him), who claim to be Muslim, have commented that if this “Book” is the Qur’an, then Prophet Muhammad (may upon him be mercy of Allah and peace) is not the true recipient of the Qur’an as someone else already knew the Qur’an before him. This appears to be a logical argument but if seen in context, it is an incorrect one.
Example: If Prophet Moosa (peace be upon him) saw the end times and he prophesied about it and Prophet Muhammad (may upon him be mercy of Allah and peace) also did it through revelation, does this mean that Prophet Moosa (peace be upon him) knew more or was the original recipient of the revelation given to Prophet Muhammad (may upon him be mercy of Allah and peace)?
Besides, it is not said as to when he will be taught the Book.
Read carefully the beautiful words: [3:45-48] When the angels said: “Mary, your Lord gives you good news of a Word from Him. His name is the Messiah, Issa, son of Mary, of high esteem in this world and the Hereafter, and one of those brought near [to Allah]. He will speak to people in the cradle, and also when fully grown, and will be one of the righteous.” She asked: “My Lord! How can I have a son when no man has ever touched me?” He said: “It will be so. Allah creates whatever He wills. When He decides on something, He just says to it: ‘Be!’ and it is. He will teach him the Book and Wisdom, and the Torah and the Gospel.”
When he was alive on earth in his first mission 2,000 years ago, Allah says that he will be taught the book.
Now on the Day of Judgment, Allah will say [5:110]… “Issa, son of Mary, remember My blessing to you and to your mother when I reinforced you with the Purest Spirit so that you could speak to people in the cradle and when you were fully grown; and when I taught you the Book and Wisdom, and the Torah and the Gospel.”
This is a great explanation and Allah Himself gives it. Maybe he will be taught when he returns or maybe he will come being taught. The former is less likely than the latter. It is definitely for future and not in his first stay on earth! The deniers who refuse to accept the truth have stated that if the “Book” is taught after his first stay on earth, then Torah and Gospel have also been taught after his departure from earth because all of the books are in future tenses. The answer to this false argument is quite simple and one that requires a little bit of common sense. The Torah and the Gospel are well known books in these verses and everyone knows that Prophet Issa (peace be upon him) was taught these books. The tenses are future and can be at any time but from other places in the Qur’an and history, we know that Prophet Issa (peace be upon) learned them during his first stay on earth. Although, all books are in future tenses but time of each book is not mentioned. Facts tell us that he was taught Torah and Gospel but we do not find anything about any “Book”.
The believers of the ‘death theory’ argue that the order of the four books in the above mentioned verses indicates some other picture. They argue that the book and wisdom have been mentioned before the Torah and Gospel and so the Qur’an and Hadith were taught before the Torah and Gospel which would mean that Prophet Muhammad (may upon him be mercy of God and peace) was not the original recipient of the Qur’an.
The people making such silly claims obviously do not read the Qur’an well or only read in parts and reject other parts. This is one common mistake of reading with the rules of English. Arabic has different rules. After each different set of action “wa” is used and not commas. In Arabic, it is not specifically in order but in the way or order that Allah wants to say.
[4:163] We have inspired you, as we inspired Nooh and the prophets after him. And we inspired Ibrahim, Ismael, Isaac, Yaqoob, the Patriarchs, Issa, Ayub, Younus, Haroon, and Sulaymaan. And we gave Da’ood the Zaboor.
Here we see that Sulaymaan, Haroon, Younus and Ayub (peace be upon them all) have been mentioned after Issa (peace be upon him). The order is not important when it comes to the Book and Wisdom and for these verses as well because Allah puts them in different orders which I do not have the reasons for.
Furthermore, if one does not understand such a simple explanation, then the best thing to do is to ask the man who brought the Qur’an, i.e. Prophet Muhammad (may upon him be mercy of Allah and peace):
Hadith – Sahih Bukhari 4.658, Narrated Abu Huraira (May Allah be pleased with him)
Allah’s Apostle said “How will you be when the son of Mary (i.e. Issa) descends amongst you and he will judge people by the Law of the Qur’an and not by the law of Gospel
(Fateh-ul Bari page 304 and 305 Vol 7)
The Qur’an explains it all and the Hadith has just been put up to show what people back then believed. It was used against those Issa (peace be upon him)’s deniers who believe in Hadith but distort it as well. However, these deviant people have even questioned the meanings of this Hadith. They have changed the meaning of “descend” (Nazool) and “son of Mary” (Ibne Marium). According to Qur’an Nazool means to physically descend from above and Ibne Marium means ‘son of Marium’ who is none other than Prophet Issa (peace be upon him). Manna and Salwa descended from above, animals are said to be descended from above. Just like the Adam and Eve of human beings (who descended from heavens), there has to be the Adam of Eve of animals as well who must also have descended. Peace on the Prophet and the message brought by the Prophet was also sent by Allah from above. Just like iron came physically from above, Prophet Issa (peace be upon him) would also come physically from the heavens to earth.
The claimants of ‘the death theory’ argue that when there is a striking resemblance between two people, the name is generally given to the other. They base their claim on the following narration:
Abu Sufyan, after meeting Heraclius, said to his companions: “Of a certainty, the son of Abee Kabshah has succeeded, because even the king of Bani Asfar fears him”. (Bukhari)
What the arguer did not know was that this was an insult thrown at the Prophet by Abu Sufyan. The rest need not be explained, people with a little commonsense understand what that means. Those who believe in the explanation given by the arguer need to seek forgiveness from Allah for such a blasphemic belief.
The arguer presents another Hadith from Nisai:
The Holy Prophet says to his wives: “You are the wives of Yousuf”.
It must be reminded to the claimant that the wordings of this narration are not completely accurate. The most authentic Hadith book (Bukhari) also has the same Hadith but with correct wordings which are “You are like the wives of Yousuf”. Proper, correct and accurate narration clearly clarifies the misconception held by the arguer.
The deviants making anti-Islamic claims against Prophet Issa (peace be upon him) state that if Prophet Issa (peace be upon him) was to return, then he would be for all mankind and the Qur’an states that he was sent only for Israel. Such people should read the Qur’an well. Incase they are not interested, they should read on with the article. This has been covered near the ending chapters. The above Hadith explain that he will not come as a Prophet but a follower of the Qur’an.
In the cradle, Prophet Issa (peace be upon him) said that he has been given the “Book” and some argue that “The Book” in the verses I posted is that same book. Again, this is a common sense matter. Injeel can be referred to as “Book” but the point is that in the earlier mentioned verses, “The Book” is separate from Torah and Gospel and in that particular case, it was referring to the Qur’an. Secondly, when Issa (peace be upon him) spoke about the book in the cradle, he spoke in past tenses as if he had it with him but we know that he was not holding any book, nor can a child hold a book. What was meant by book being given to him was that it was destined for him.