The claim

The Claim that the “Gospel of Barnabas” is the True Gospel

The article to which this rebuttal is attributed to can be found here:
http://www.answering-islam.org/Morin/barnie.html

1. The Identity of the Messiah

The Gospel of Barnabas calls Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) as a Messiah. The Qur’an says that Jesus (peace be upon him) is the Messiah. This part seems to contradict with the Qur’an, however a careful look will prove that it does not contradict and confirms to the style of the Old Testament.

When we read the Jewish books, we see that there is no problem with this claim as other Prophets have also been called by this title in 1 Samuel 15:17, 1 Kings 1:39, 1 Samuel 16:13, Leviticus 4.

We see that this claim to reject the Gospel of Barnabas is not a valid excuse. Jesus (peace be upon him) definitely is the Messiah but he knew what the Jews meant by their questions. They were more eager for the last Prophet and for that, Jesus (peace be upon him) rejected being that Messiah.

2. Scriptural and Traditional Inaccuracies

Painless birth:
The Gospel of Barnabas speaks of the delivery as being painless.
The virgin was surrounded by a light exceeding bright, and brought forth her son without pain,
However, Lady Mary did observe pain before that.

[19.23] And the throes (of childbirth) compelled her to betake herself to the trunk of a palm tree. She said: Oh, would that I had died before this, and had been a thing quite forgotten!

[19.24] Then (the child) called out to her from beneath her: Grieve not, surely your Lord has made a stream to flow beneath you;

[19.25] And shake towards you the trunk of the palm tree, it will drop on you fresh ripe dates:

She observed pain but God helped it through the blessing. Her delivery then became painless. There is no problem with this story at all.

Circumcision started with Adam:

Adam (peace be upon him) was the first one to be circumcised but Abraham (peace be upon him) was the first one with whom it was made compulsory in the form of a covenant. There is no mentioning that it was not practiced before that.

Man’s naval and spittle of Satan:

What I understand by this is that when man was about to be created, Satan spitted on the dust. That spitted part was taken out and dogs were created from that part. The Qur’an does not mention such a thing but it does not mean it is inaccurate. There are many things which the Qur’an does not mention specifically but could be correct.

Apples and the corn:

The heaven and its bounties cannot be compared to anything on earth. One doesn’t know the kind of fruits that can be found on trees in heaven. Earthly thinking should be avoided when understanding such a matter.

Covenant with Abraham:

The covenant was with both Ishmael and Isaac (peace be upon them). As you know, Kedar is a descendent of Ishmael {Genesis 25:13}, and Ishmael is the the base for the Family Tree of Prophet Muhammad through Kedar.
An important Fact that I would like you to observe now is how the scribes switched names to illegitimize Ishmael.
The scribes and commentators say that Ishmael is not a legitimate son of Abraham and therefore the covenant was only with Isaac.
Now I will show you in the Scripture that it was Really Ishmael who was to be sacrificed and the covenant was first done with Ishmael and Ishmael was a legitimate son of Abraham even after Abraham’s death.
1. The covenant was first made with Abraham and Ishmael;
Genesis 17:10 This [is] my covenant, which ye shall keep, between me and you and thy seed after thee; Every man child among you shall be circumcised.
Genesis 17:13 He that is born in thy house, and he that is bought with thy money, must needs be circumcised: and my covenant shall be in your flesh for an everlasting covenant.
Note:-
2. It was really Ishmael and not Isaac who was going to be sacrificed and the Jewish scribes because of vanity, switched the names;
Genesis 16:16 “and Abram [is] a son of eighty and six years in Hagar’s bearing Ishmael to Abram.”
Who’s son? Abraham’s “son”. Now as far as the sacrifice is concerned, Genesis 17:24 “Abraham was ninety-nine years old when he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin.”
That makes Abraham’s son Ishmael 13, how old is Isaac at this time? Genesis 21:5 “Abraham was a hundred years old when his son Isaac was born to him.”
that means during the circumcision/sacrifice, Abraham’s only “begotten” son is Ishmael and not Isaac as the Bible says.
KJV Hebrews 11:17 “By faith Abraham, when he was tried, offered up Isaac: and he that had received the promises offered up his only begotten son,”
Therefore we see that Isaac was not the only son, as a matter of fact, Isaac was not even born yet and Abraham’s Only begotten son was Ishmael. Therefore further confirming the Legitimacy of Prophet Muhammad which God says I will make great Nations from Ishmael.

Genesis 17:20 And as for Ishmael, I have heard thee: Behold, I have blessed him, and will make him fruitful, and will multiply him exceedingly; twelve princes shall he beget, and I will make him a great nation.
3. Ishmael was a legitimate son even after Abraham died;
Genesis 16:3 “And Sarai Abram’s wife took Hagar her maid the Egyptian, after Abram had dwelt ten years in the land of Canaan, and gave her to her husband Abram to be his wife.”
Genesis 25:9 “Then his sons Isaac and Ishmael buried him (Abraham) in *the cave of Machpelah, in the field of Ephron the son of Zohar the Hittite, facing Mamre,”
Genesis 25:12 “Now these are the records of the generations of *Ishmael, Abraham’s son, whom Hagar the Egyptian, Sarah’s maid, bore to Abraham;”
Was Isaac or Ishmael to be sacrificed ?

As you know, Kedar is a descendent of Ishmael {Genesis 25:13}, and Ishmael is the the base for the Family Tree of Prophet Muhammad through Kedar.
An important Fact that I would like you to observe now is how the scribes switched names to illegitimize Ishmael.
The scribes and commentators say that Ishmael is not a legitimate son of Abraham and therefore the covenant was only with Isaac.
Now I will show you in the Scripture that it was Really Ishmael who was to be sacrificed and the covenant was first done with Ishmael and Ishmael was a legitimate son of Abraham even after Abraham’s death.
1. The covenant was first made with Abraham and Ishmael;
Genesis 17:10 This [is] my covenant, which ye shall keep, between me and you and thy seed after thee; Every man child among you shall be circumcised.
Genesis 17:13 He that is born in thy house, and he that is bought with thy money, must needs be circumcised: and my covenant shall be in your flesh for an everlasting covenant.
Note:-
2. It was really Ishmael and not Isaac who was going to be sacrificed and the Jewish scribes because of vanity, switched the names;
Genesis 16:16 “and Abram [is] a son of eighty and six years in Hagar’s bearing Ishmael to Abram.”
Who’s son? Abraham’s “son”. Now as far as the sacrifice is concerned, Genesis 17:24 “Abraham was ninety-nine years old when he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin.”
That makes Abraham’s son Ishmael 13, how old is Isaac at this time? Genesis 21:5 “Abraham was a hundred years old when his son Isaac was born to him.”
that means during the circumcision/sacrifice, Abraham’s only “begotten” son is Ishmael and not Isaac as the Bible says.
KJV Hebrews 11:17 “By faith Abraham, when he was tried, offered up Isaac: and he that had received the promises offered up his only begotten son,”
Therefore we see that Isaac was not the only son, as a matter of fact, Isaac was not even born yet and Abraham’s Only begotten son was Ishmael. Therefore further confirming the Legitimacy of Prophet Muhammad which God says I will make great Nations from Ishmael.

Genesis 17:20 And as for Ishmael, I have heard thee: Behold, I have blessed him, and will make him fruitful, and will multiply him exceedingly; twelve princes shall he beget, and I will make him a great nation.
3. Ishmael was a legitimate son even after Abraham died;
Genesis 16:3 “And Sarai Abram’s wife took Hagar her maid the Egyptian, after Abram had dwelt ten years in the land of Canaan, and gave her to her husband Abram to be his wife.”
Genesis 25:9 “Then his sons Isaac and Ishmael buried him (Abraham) in *the cave of Machpelah, in the field of Ephron the son of Zohar the Hittite, facing Mamre,”
Genesis 25:12 “Now these are the records of the generations of *Ishmael, Abraham’s son, whom Hagar the Egyptian, Sarah’s maid, bore to Abraham;”
[Source: Jews for Allah]

Nine heavens or seven?

Barnabas narrates the following statement of Jesus (peace be upon him):

Truly I say to you that the heavens are nine, among which are set the planets; that are distant one from another five hundred years’ journey for a man: and the earth in like manner is distant from the first heaven five hundred years’ journey.

From this we clearly see some sort of error in translation and understanding. What I understood by heaven here is the sky and the planets. The seven heavens in the Qur’an refer to some other fact whereas heaven spoken by Jesus (peace be upon) is referring to the nine planets.

Hell with snow and ice:

The Qur’an describes hell as a place with fire. Gospel of Barnabas describes it as a place with both fire and intolerable cold. These do not contradict. The Hadith describe hell even more and describe water and stones in it well. Hell is so vast that explaining it is very much impossible.

Jesus being raised:

The Qur’an says that Prophet Jesus (peace be upon him) was raised up by God but the Gospel of Barnabas says that he will not be in heaven until his death. There is no contradiction here at all. Heaven meant by Jesus (peace be upon him) was paradise. He has been raised up but is not in heaven according to the Gospel of Barnabas but is somewhere above.

Corruption of previous books:

This is a very lengthy discussion which has been refuted very well by the Muslims.

http://www.call-to-monotheism.com/does_islam_endorse_the_bible__

Did Jesus die?

To say that Jesus died on the cross is a big sin.

They [unbelievers] planned and God planned. But God is the best of planners.
(Qur’an 3:54)

Example: “A” went to the house of “B” to kill “B”. The plan of “A” is to see “B” dead. Just as “A” was about to kill “B”, he saw that “B” had died due to an illness or “B” had slipped, fallen, hit his head on the floor and died (no murder, natural death!). The plan of “A” succeeds.

The Jews planned to kill Jesus and if he died in whatever way, then it is a blasphemy towards God.

And [on account of] their saying: “We killed the Messiah, Jesus son of Mary, Messenger of God.” They did not kill him and they did not crucify him (Salaba), but it was made to seem so to them. Those who argue about him are in doubt about it. They have no real knowledge of it, just conjecture. But they certainly did not kill him. God raised him to Himself (Tawaffa). God is Almighty, All Wise.
(Surat An-Nisa’, 4:157-158)

Salaba: Salaba means to put on the cross, pole, stick etc with the intention to hurt. It has nothing to do with death. A person who survives the cross also comes into the definition of “salaba” whereas the English word “crucifixion” refers only to death. There is no suitable word in English for a man who is put on the cross and survives but the Arabic word “salaba” explains this.

20:71
The pharaoh said, “You believed him, even though I did not permit you? Obviously, he is your master who has taught you the magic! Now, I will definitely chop off your hands and feet on opposite sides and then crucify (Salaba) you on the trunk of the date-palm tree. You will soon know which one of us awards the severer and the more lasting punishment.”

Here the punishment was not for the purpose of death but for the purpose of torture. Prophet Moses (peace be upon him) had said to Pharaoh that he would be burned in hell-fire forever. In reply to this, the Pharaoh threatened to torture Prophet Moses (peace be upon him) and give a more lasting punishment. One doesn’t die in hell and Pharaoh threatened with a punishment where Moses (peace be upon him) was not to die but to suffer on the tree. This clearly shows that “salaba” means “to hang on a pole, tree, cross, stick etc with the intention to cause harm”. This clearly eliminates the theory that Jesus (peace be upon him) was put up on the cross at all, neither was his dead body (imaginary!) put up on the cross at all.

Tawaffa: To Cause To Die, To Take in One’s Sleep (6:60, 39:42), or To Take Back

6:60: It is He who recalls (Tawaffa) you by night, and He knows what you work by day; then He raises you up therein, that a stated term may be determined; then unto Him shall you return, then He will tell you of what you have been doing.

When the soul is taken back by God, one dies but people do not die every night when they sleep. In 39:42, the word Tawaffa has been mentioned again and in that case, it refers to the taking back of the soul but if we look at the words carefully, we see that the word for death (Mawt) and the word for soul (Rooh) have both been mentioned separately. When the taking back of the soul is discussed, God mentions it very clearly but when simple taking back or recalling is discussed, the word Tawaffa is used without any supporting word. This context clearly shows that the Tawaffa in the case of Jesus (peace be upon him) is referring to taking back or recalling without the mentioning of “death” or “soul”. Jesus (peace be upon him) was taken back without his death occurring.

When God said: “Jesus, I will take you back and raise you up to Me, and purify you of those who are unbelievers. And I will place the people who follow you above those who are unbelievers until the Day of Resurrection. Then you will all return to Me, and I will judge between you regarding the things about which you differed.
(Surah Al ‘Imran, 3:55)

The root word for Tawaffa is “waffa” which means: “To give someone his due in full, let someone have his full share, pay someone in full, to treat exhaustively, write or speak fully about, set forth or develop in detail, fulfillment, keeping, honoring, carrying out, living up to, redemption, making good, standing by, carrying out.” [Al-Mawrid, Arabic-English, Page 1240]

Ibn Kathir’s view is posted below:
Allah said,
(I will take you and raise you to Myself) while you are asleep. Allah said in a similar Ayat,
(It is He Who takes your souls by night (when you are asleep).) (6:60), and,
(It is Allah Who takes away the souls at the time of their death, and those that die not during their sleep.) (39:42).
The word for natural death for other Prophets is “Mawt” as can be seen in 2:133, 21:34, 26:81, 34:14 etc. Jesus (peace be upon him) was taken back in sleep and raised up to God due to the fact that breathing becomes difficult, the higher in space one is (6:125).

People who just refuse to accept the truth argue again that Tawaffa could mean to take back but it does not suggest a physical take back. This appears to be a genuine question and needs to be answered. Tawaffa has been defined as “to take back” and it could be in any way possible. For example, the Qur’an uses the word “Mawt” for death but does not give different ways of death. Mawt could be in any way just like Tawaffa.

Nazareth and the Sea of Galilee:

Jesus went to the Sea of Galilee, and having embarked in a ship sailed to his city of Nazareth;

Jesus (peace be upon him) going to the Sea of Galilee is not a problem at all. He went to his city is also not a problem but there is a problem if it is stated that Nazareth is right next to the sea of Galilee. However, such a thing has not been mentioned. First of all, it states that Jesus sailed to his city. This does not mean that his city was next to the sea. For example, it takes Mr. A a train and then a bus to go to his home and it is stated that Mr. A took a train to go to his home. Such a statement is not incorrect. Secondly, the sentence posted is a translation which is not as good as the original. What if the most accurate translation read something like this:

Jesus went to the Sea of Galilee, and having embarked in a ship sailed towards his city of Nazareth;

This translation buries any kind of issue from this verse. Thirdly, maps were not drawn at that time and the outskirts of a city were considered a part of that city. Perhaps even land outside that city was considered a part of that city.

Capernaum:

Up is not the direction. If a person says that he lives right down the street, does it mean that the street has a slope and he lives on the lower part? This is incorrect. The street can be straight and the person can be living towards north, east or west. Again, maps were not drawn. The first maps had the North Pole down but later the map was turned upside down. Going up a place could even be referring to the high slope of that area.

Mount Sinai:

http://www.answering-christianity.com/paran.htm

Beautiful summer:

There are considerable differences in temperature in Palestine. For example Mount Hermon, with its white snowcaps all year-round, towers 9000 feet above sea level, while the Dead Sea is 1292 feet below sea level. The snow melts in summer and waters the dry land. The land of Palestine enjoys sunny blue skies from the beginning of May to the end of September, with little or no interruption. The world is beautiful, it seems, refers to the worship and remembrance of God. Pilgrims enter the land and it seems that this is what Jesus (peace be upon him) is happy about.

Governor Pilate:

This is an inaccurate statement. According to the Encyclopedia “Pilate’s biographical details before and after his appointment to Judaea are unknown, but have been supplied by tradition…” The year of his governorship are also not facts. However, that is not debated here. The thing mentioned by Barnabas was that Pilate was referred to as the governor. This shall be explained with an example:

A man became the President in the year 2000 and a book is written about him in 2010 when he is not the President any more. The book refers to him as “President” when it speaks of his early life and when it speaks of his life after presidency. The title “President” stays with the man no matter what he does. This does not mean that the man is still a President or was a President when the book speaks of the period before 2000.

Another example can be used to furhter make it clear: When Mr. A was born in 1980, his mother saw President Bush in a hotel. Obviously George Bush was not the President back then but the sentence makes complete sense and no one would dismiss it as being incorrect. The title remains with the person throughout his/her life.

Synagogues like Mosques:

Present day synagogues should not be compared with the ones in the time of Prophet Jesus (peace be upon him). When Moses (peace be upon him) went to the mountain, God told him to take off his shoes as he was entering a holy place. Muslims do just that!

Much more similarities not followed by Jews and Christians:

http://truthisproven.blogspot.com/2007/02/prophet-muhammad-s-prophecised-in-bible_26.html

Slaying of 10,000 Prophets:

How can one be sure if this is an exaggeration? The total number of Prophets does not appear to be an exaggeration. However, the 10,000 could be a figure of speech. For example, in the Old Testament, a large figure is referred to as 10,000. In the Hadith, a very large figure is referred to as seventy thousand even though the actual figure may be much higher or much lower.

Baal:

Archaeological evidences may not exist but evidences for many towns and places mentioned in the Old Testament do not exist as well. Can the Old Testament be rejected as well?

The pool:

The Gospel of Barnabas is obviously a translation and uses such words. Pools did exist in Palestine at that time but these words are obviously translated words.

600,000 Roman soldiers:

If we read the chapter carefully, we see that these three armies were not registered soldiers. Family had turned against each other and it were the common folk who equaled to such a large number. Secondly, counting such a large number is quite impossible and this figure is either an estimate or an exaggeration by Barnabas.

Mariner and ship:

The Gospel of Barnabas is obviously a translation and uses such words. Ships did exist in Palestine at that time but these words are obviously translated words.

Pharisees:

According to the Catholic Encyclopedia, Pharisees came together as a group in 3rd century BC. Before that, they were scattered.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pharisees

Wine in wooden barrels:

It is claimed that wooden crockery was not used at the time of Prophet Jesus (peace be upon him). The source of this claim is the Bible. The Bible itself is a debatable book and should not be taken as a source or evidence. However, the verse of the Bible shall be considered here as well.

Matthew 9:17
King James Bible
Neither do men put new wine into old bottles: else the bottles break, and the wine runneth out, and the bottles perish: but they put new wine into new bottles, and both are preserved.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Neither do they put new wine into old bottles. Otherwise the bottles break, and the wine runneth out, and the bottles perish. But new wine they put into new bottles: and both are preserved.

Tyndale New Testament
Neither do men put new wine, into old vessels: for then the vessels break, and the wine runneth out, and the vessels perish. But they pour new wine into new vessels, and so are both saved together.

Webster’s Bible Translation
Neither do men put new wine into old bottles: else the bottles break, and the wine runneth out, and the bottles perish: but they put new wine into new bottles, and both are preserved.

Gold as currency:

Judas said “If you will give me what was promised, this night will I give into your hand Jesus whom you seek; for he is alone with eleven companions.” The high priest answered: “How much do you seek?” Judas said, “Thirty pieces of gold.”
Matthew says that Judas’ payment and death were prophesied by Jeremiah, and then he quotes Zechariah 11:12-13 as proof!
Thirty pieces of silver
According to Matthew 26:15, the chief priests “weighed out thirty pieces of silver” to give to Judas. There are two things wrong with this:
a. There were no “pieces of silver” used as currency in Jesus’ time – they had gone out of circulation about 300 years before.
b. In Jesus’ time, minted coins were used – currency was not “weighed out.”
The error is in the New Testament and not in the Gospel of Barnabas.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s